Causal theories and proposals for urban upgrades in historic city centres


  • Folahan Anthony Adenaike Department of Architecture, Lagos State University of Science and Technology, Ikorodu, Nigeria
  • Ibukun Joseph Talabi Department of Architecture, Lagos State University of Science and Technology, Ikorodu, Nigeria
  • Olusola Adebayo Amusan Department of Architecture, Lagos State University of Science and Technology, Ikorodu, Nigeria
  • El-Hassan Olabode Ariyibi Department of Architecture, Lagos State University of Science and Technology, Ikorodu, Nigeria


conservation, heritage value, preservation, urban morphology


Urban upgrades are instituted when there are designed improvements on one or more of the urban systems to increase efficiency and promote a better environment within the urban setting. While the choice of place and programme for an upgrade is often determined via political processes that are supposed to resolve socio-spatial dysfuntionalism, the undertones are ultimately for fiscal benefits for the government and sponsors. The historic city centres are at an advantage for attracting urban upgrade programmes as policy makers are unobtrusively guided by theoretical positions like urban bias, historic urban form and fabric, land economics and urban tourism to improve the centres. The centres by virtue of their centricity, not only in the spatial context, but in all aspects of urban life, also need to be understood as formidable starting points for urban change and morphology. This paper which is entirely based on information from literature analyses the concept of urban upgrades and why they are more common in historic city centres. It goes further to explain the common denominator of human behaviour as a catalyst for urban degeneration, policy position and redevelopment which will ultimately give rise to urban upgrades as a consequence in the morphology of the city. It is concluded with a literary discussion on the advantages of embracing sustainability and conservation in the execution of urban upgrades in the historic city centres for the purpose of urban tourism.


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How to Cite

Adenaike, F. A., Talabi, I. J., Amusan, O. A., & Ariyibi, E.-H. O. (2023). Causal theories and proposals for urban upgrades in historic city centres. Journal of Advanced Education and Sciences, 3(2), 06–14. Retrieved from