A study of phytosociological attributes of shrubs plant resources in nallamalais
Keywords:biodiversitty, nallamalla, diversity, shrubs, TNI
Biodiversity is essential for human survival and economic wellbeing and for the ecosystem function and stability.forest in India are considered as a source of livelihood for forest department people, as repository of rich biodiversity and source of timber for industries. Nallamalla, the study area of the present work is one of the 234 Centres of Plant Diversity of the World. Heavy biotic interference primarily pertaining to over-exploitation of wild plant resources is leading to alarming loss of species population in the study area.The present study is based on ramdom sampling method by quadrates in different vegetation types of Nallamalais & documents the diversity of shrubs plant resources of the forest.The total number of individuals TNI of shrubs in the study site was 606. The total abundance value for all the 37 shrubs is 210.22 which are average of 5.68.
Anderson RP&E, Martinez-Meyer. Modeling species geographic distribution for preliminary conservation assessment an implementation with spring pocket mice (heteromys) of Ecuador. Biol. Conserv. 2004;116:167-179.
Basha SK. Diversity, Quantification and Conservation of Tree resources of Nallamalais, Andhra Pradesh. Ph.D. thesis submitted to Department of Botany, Sri Keishnadevaraya University, Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh, India, 2009.
Boom B. Use of plant resources by chacobo. Advances in Economic Botany. 1989;7:78-96.
CBD. Convention on Biodiversity, 2012. www.cbd.int/doc/publications/cbd_sustain_en.pdf
Champion HG, Seth SK. A Revised Survey of the Forest Types of India. Government of India Publication, New Delhi, India, 1968.
Colding J, Folke C. The relations among threatened species, their protection and taboos. Conserv. Ecol (online), 1997, 1-6. http://www.consecol.org /voll/iss1/art6
Cotton CM. Ethnobotany: Principles and applications. John wiley & Sons. Chi Chester, 1997.
Cullen LE, Stewart GH, Duncan RP, Palmer G. Disturbance and climate warming influences on New Zealand Nothofagus tree – line population dynamics J. Ecol. 2001;89:1061-1071.
Dallmeier F. Long term Monitoring of Biological Diversity in Tropical Forest areas, Methods for establishment and Inventory of permanent plots. MAB Digest. 11: UNESCO, Paris, 1992.
Davis SD, Heywood VH, Hamilton AC (eds.). Centres of Plant Diversity: A Guide and Strategy for Their Conservation. Volume 2: Asia, Australasia and the Pacific. Worldwide Fund for Nature (WWF) and IUCN (The World Conservation Union), IUCN Publications, University of Cambridge, 1995.
Ellis JL. Flora of Nallamalais. Vol.1. Fl. Ind. Ser. 3. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta, 1987.
Ellis JL. Flora of Nallamalais. Vol.2. Fl. Ind. Ser. 3. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta, 1990.
Forman L, Bridson D. (Ed.). The Herbarium Handbook. Royal Botanic Garden, Kew, 1989.
Gentry AH. Changes in plant community diversity and floristic composition on environmental and geographical gradients. Ann. Mo. Bot. Gard. 1988;75:1-34.
Greg-Smith P. Quantitative plant ecology. 3rd edn. Oxford, Blackwell, 1983.
Janzen DH. Management of habitat fragments in a tropical dry forest: growth. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. 1988;75:105-116.
Jain SK, Rao RR. Hand Book of Field and Herbarium Methods. Today & Tomorrow Printers and Publishers, New Delhi, 1977.
Johns T, Kokwaro JO, Kimanani EK. Herbal remedies of the Luo of Siaya District, Kenya: establishing quantitative criteria for conservation. Economic Botany. 1990;44:369-381.
Kadavul K, Parthasarathy N. Plant diversity and conservation of tropical semi-evergreen forest in the Shervarayan hills of Eastern Ghats, India. Trop. Eco. 1999;40:247-260.
Kharkwal Geeta, Poonam Mehrotra, Rawat YS, Pangtey YPS. Phytodiversity and growth form in relation to altitudinal gradient in the Central Himalayan (Kumaun) region of India. Curr. Sci. 2005;89(5):873-878.
Keer JT, Ostrovsky M. From space to species: Ecological application for remote sensing. Trends Ecol. Evol. 2003;18:299-305.
Kilburon P. Analysis of the species-area relation. Ecology. 1966;47:831-843.
Lawrance WF, Ferreira LV, Merona JMR, Laurance SG. Rain forest fragmentation and the dynamics of Amazonian tree communities. Ecology. 1998;79:2032-2040.
Margalef R. The Biosphere between Thermodynamics and play. Editions Omega, Barcelona, 1980.
Moerman DE. The medicinal flora of native North America: an analysis. J. of Ethnopharmacology. 1991;31:1-42.
Mukesh Kumar G, Tripathi AK, Rajesh Kumar Manhas. Plant diversity and structure of sub-tropical Shorea robusta Gaertn. f. (Sal)forests of Doon valley, India. Indian Journal of Forestry. 2008;31(1):127-136.
Murthy GVS, Benjamin JHF. Nagarjunasagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve. In Floristic1 diversity of Tiger Reserves of India (ed. Sanjappa, M., D.K. Singh, Paranjit Singh, Rajesh Copal) BSI, Kolkatta, 2008.
NRSA. Biodiversity characterization at landscape level in Eastern Ghats and East coast using satellite remote sensing and Geographical Information Systems. National Remote Sensing Agency. Department of Space & Department of Biotechnology, GOI, 2007.
Pullaiah. Flora of Telangana. The 29th state of India. Vol. 1-3. Regency Publications. New Delhi, 2016.
Raju RRV, Pullaiah T. Flora of Kurnool (Andhra Pradesh). Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun, 1995.
Reddy Madhusudhana A. Grasses of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India. Ph, D. Thesis submitted to Sri Krishnadevaraya University, Anantapur, 2002.
Redddy CS, Ugle P. Survival threat to the Flora of Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary, India: An Assessment based on Regeneration Status. Nature and Science. 2008;6(4):42-54.
Reddy CS, Shilpa Babar, Giriraj A, Reddy KN, Thulsi Rao K. Structure and Floristic composition of Tree Diversity in Tropical Dry Deciduous Forest of Easten Ghats, Southern Andhra Pradesh. Asian Journal of Scientific Research. 2008;1(1):57-64.
Sadasivaiah B. Diversity, Quantification and Conservation of Herbaceous plant resources of Nallamalais, Andhra Pradesh. Ph.D. thesis submitted to Department of Botany, Sri Keishnadevaraya University, Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh, India, 2009.
Sahu SC, Dhal NK, Reddy CS, Chiranjjibi Pattanaik, Brahmam M. Phytosociological study of Tropical dry deciduous forest of Boudh district, Orissa, India. Research Journal of Forestry. 2007;1(2):66-72.
Santapau H. Botanical collector's Manual. Calcutta, 1955.
Shali Saheb T. Medicinal Plant resources and conservation in Nallamalis, Andhra Pradesh. Ph.D thesis. Sri Krishnadevaraya University, Anantapur, 2008.
Shannon CZ, Wiener W. The mathematical theory of communication. Univ. Illionis Press, Urbana, 1962.
Simpson EH. Measurement of diversity. Nature. 1949;163:688.
Singh KP, Singh JS. Certain structural and functional aspects of dry tropical forests and savanna. International Journal of Ecology Environmental Science. 1988;14:31-45.
Supriya Devi L, Yadava PS. Floristic Diversity Assessment and Vegetation analysis of Tropical Semi Evergreen Forests of Manipur. Trop. Ecol. 2006;47(1):89-98.
Van Claster H, Lander Baeten, Kris Verheyen, Luc De Keersmaeker, Stijn Dekeyser, Jules E Rogister, et al. Diverging effects of overstorey conversion scenarios on the understorey vegetation in a former coppice-with-standards forest. For. Ecol. Manage. 2008;256:519-528.
Zakaria Rahmad, Asyraf Mansor, Nik Fadzly, Nik Rosely, Mashhor Mansor. Comparison of plant communities at six study plots in Penang forest reserves, Malaysis. Trop. Ecol. 2009;50(2):259-265.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.