Assessment of nurses’ knowledge working in hemodialysis units toward infection control measures in Al-Najaf city hospitals


  • Hussein Abdulzahra Hassooni Academic Nurse (MSc.), Al-Najaf Health Directorate, Ministry of Health, Iraq
  • Dr. Müjgan Onarici Assistant Professor, Department of Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Çankırı Karatekin University, Turkey


hemodialysis, infection control measures, knowledge, nurse


Background: Renal failure patients undergoing hemodialysis treatment and nursing staff working in hemodialysis units are at a significantly increased risk of healthcare-acquired infections, for example, blood-borne diseases and bacterial and fungal infections due to repeated and prolonged exposure to many potential pollutants in the hemodialysis setting. Nursing staff’s compliance with infection control and prevention measures reduces transmission; therefore, nurses working in hemodialysis units must follow standard precautions.

Objective: The aim of the study is to assess the knowledge of nurses working in hemodialysis units towards infection control measures.

Materials and Method: Quantitative design (the descriptive cross-sectional study) was used to achieve the objectives of this study. This study was conducted in the hemodialysis units at Al-Najaf city hospitals in Iraq between March 2022 and April 2022 based on a non-probability sampling (purposive sampling); the sample consisted of hundred nurses. A questionnaire was prepared as a data collection tool and consists of two parts. The first part includes the socio-demographic information of the nursing staff, and the second part contains 39 multiple-choice questions aiming to assess nurses' knowledge working in hemodialysis units about infection control measures. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the study results using the statistical package of Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20 and Microsoft Word and Excel (2010).

Results: The study results revealed that the nurses' knowledge of the infection control measures was moderate (74,95%) and had a statistical mean score of 1,499. The findings also showed a high level of statistically significant correlation between nurses' knowledge of working in hemodialysis units and socio-demographic information in line with the critical and unique nature of hemodialysis units, such as the educational level of socio-demographic information, participation in training courses on hemodialysis units inside and outside Iraq, and participation in training courses on infection control measures training inside and outside Iraq, the number of infection control training courses, and duration of infection control training courses. The probability value was (p<= 0,05).

Conclusions: The study concluded that most participants had knowledge about infection control measures. A highly statistically significant correlation existed between nurses' knowledge levels and socio-demographic information. Still, because of the critical and unique nature of hemodialysis units, very strict procedures must be imposed, and nursing staff must be trained on infection control measures for hemodialysis units.


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How to Cite

H. A. Hassooni and M. Onarici, “Assessment of nurses’ knowledge working in hemodialysis units toward infection control measures in Al-Najaf city hospitals”, J. A. Med. Sci, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 05–13, Oct. 2023.