Bancroftian filariasis in some remote villages in bunza local government area of Kebbi State, Nigeria


  • Ukatu V. E. Department of Animal and Environmental Biology, Kebbi State University of Science and Technology, Aliero, Nigeria
  • Sani N Department of Biological Sciences, Federal University, Gusau, Zamfara State, Nigeria


bancroftian filariasis, MMA, prevalence, bunza LGA


This study was conducted between January and August, 2018 to determine the status of Bancroftian filariasis in six remote villages of Bunza LGA of Kebbi State. Mass Medicine Administration (MMA) with Albendazole and ivermectin has been going on in the area for over five years. It is necessart to determine if transmission has been halted so that MMA can be stopped. A total of 422 volunteers were sero-diagnosed using onsite fitariasis 1gG/1gM Combo Rapid test kit. Night blood samples were also taken for parasitological test. Physical manifestations and entomological studies were also conducted. An overall sero-prevalence of 1.65% was recorded, from seven (7) participants and none for microfilaria of W.bancrofti. Highest prevalence was recorded in Maidahini and Sabon-Birnin Villages (4.28%), followed by Salwai (1.38%) while the other three villages had no positive cases. Analysis of data indicate significant association between infection and village infection rates were higher in females than males, age-group 40-49, singles than married, housewives than other occupational groups. However, there were no significant association between the infection rates and the variables (p>0.05). Overall prevalence of all clinical manifestations was 4.50% with lymphedema, hydrocele, breast edema and fever/chills constituting 0.7%, 0.9%, 1.1% and 1.60% respectively of the total population. Out of 138 female mosquitoes dissected, none (0.0%) harboured the microfilaria of W. bancroft. It is concluded that transmission has been halted in 3 of the villages (Zogirma, Bunza and Raha) and so MMA should be stopped in those villages. However, morbidity management, vector control and surveillance should continue as well as treatment of the 3 endemic villages.


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How to Cite

V E, U., & Sani N. (2023). Bancroftian filariasis in some remote villages in bunza local government area of Kebbi State, Nigeria. Journal of Advanced Education and Sciences, 3(6), 09–13. Retrieved from