Contribution to the study of the Pyraustinae Meyrick, 1890 (Lepidoptera, Crambidae) on the Arabian Peninsula: a new species of Psammotis Hübner, 1825 from Saudi-Arabia and new distributional data on four described species


  • Michael Seizmair Associated Scientist, Department of Entomology, Section Lepidoptera, SNSB Bavarian State Collection of Zoology Munich, Munich, Germany


pyraloidea, pyraustini, portentomorphini, new species, morphology distribution, DNA-barcoding


Taxonomic and faunistic results on six genera of the Pyraustinae (Lepidoptera, Crambidae) are presented on the basis of material collected in SW Saudi Arabia (Hejaz, Asir and Fayfa mountains) and in Dhofar, the south-western province of Oman. A new species of the genus Psammotis Hübner, 1825, Psammotis rubrilinearis sp. nov. is described. The adults, the male and female genitalia and the tympanal organs are described and figured. The new species is placed closed to Psammotis pulveralis (Hübner, 1796), Psammotis roseus Maes, 2014 and Psammotis rubrivena (Warren, 1892) on the basis of shared character states in the male and female genitalia. The differential character states in wing maculation and morphology are listed. The presence of the genus Psammotis Hübner, 1825 is reported as new to the entomofauna of the Arabian Peninsula. New distributional records are given for four described species of the subfamily. The presence of Achyra nudalis (Hübner, 1796) in Saudi-Arabia is re-confirmed. Palepicorsia ustrinalis (Christoph, 1877) and Uresiphita gilvata (Fabricius, 1794) are reported as new for Oman. Pioneabathra olesialis (Walker, 1859) is reported as new for Saudi-Arabia. The current taxonomic status of the Arabian populations of Pioneabathra olesialis (Walker, 1859) is reconfirmed by means of DNA-Barcoding. The male and female genitalia of Achyra nudalis (Hübner, 1796) and Pioneabathra olesialis (Walker, 1859) and the male genitalia of Palepicorsia ustrinalis (Christoph, 1877) are figured.


Nuss M, Landry B, Mally R, Vegliante F, Tränkner A, Bauer F, et al. Global Information System on Pyraloidea,, accessed 13 February 2023.

Mally R, Hayden J, Neinhuis C, Jordal BH, Nuss M. The phylogenetic systematics of Spilomelinae and Pyraustina (Lepidoptera: Pyraloidea: Crambidae) inferred from DNA and morphology. Arthropod Systematics and Phylogeny. 2019: 77(1):141-204.

Matsui Y, Mally R, Kohama S, Aoki I, Azuma M, Naka H. Molecular phylogenetics and tribal classification of Japanese Pyraustinae and Spilomelinae (Lepidoptera: Crambidae). Insect Systematics and Evolution, 2022. DOI 10.1163/1876312X-bja10037.

De Prins J, De Prins W. Afromoth online database of Afrotropical moth species (Lepidoptera), Accessed 13 February 2023.

Marion H. Pyrales Nouvelles de Madagascar (Lep.). Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France. 1955;60:114-119.

Marion H. Pyrales nouvelles de Madagascar (Lep.). Revue francaise d’Entomologie. 1956;23:15-20.

Marion H, Viette P. Pyrales de Madagascar nouvelles ou peu connues (Lepidoptera). Mémoires de l’Institut scientifique de Madagascar. 1956;(E)7:77-115.

Viette P. Pyrales nouvelles ou peu connues de Madagascar et des Comores (Lep.). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France. 1960;129:151-177.

Viette P. Pyrales de Madagascar et des Comores nouvelles ou peu connues (Lepidoptera). Revue francaise d’Entomologie. 1960;27:200-214.

Viette P. Nouvelles pyrales de Madagascar. Bulletin mensuel de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon. 1978;47:304-308.

Maes KVN. Powysia gen.n. a new genus of Pyraustinae for East Africa (Lepidoptera, Pyraloidea, Crambidae). Belgian Journal of Entomolgy. 2006;8:139-145.

Maes KVN. Thivolleo, a new genus with two new species from Africa. Revue Suisse de Zoologie. 2006;113(4):717-726.

Maes KVN. New taxa of the subfamily Pyraustinae from the Afrotropical region (Lepidoptera, Pyraloidea, Crambidae). Lambillionea. 2014;114(2):105-112.

Pelham-Clinton EC. Pyralidae from Oman: specimens in the Royal Scottish Museum, Edinburgh. Journal of Oman Studies, Special Report. 1977;1:177-178.

Asselbergs JEF. Order Lepidoptera, superfamily Pyraloidea. Arthropod fauna of the UAE, van Harten, A., Dar Al Ummah Printing. 2008;1:469-561.

Monks J, Ross S, Geiser M, De Prins J, Sharaf M, Wyatt N, et al. A preliminary survey of the insect fauna of the Hajar Mountain Range, Oman. Journal of Natural History. 2019;53:15-16,939-963.

Walsingham T, Hampson G. On moths collected in Aden and in Somaliland. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. 1896;1:257-283.

Rebel H. Lepidopteren aus Südarabien und von der Insel Sokotra. Denkschriften der österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. 1907;71:31-130.

Popescu-Gorj A, Constantinescu A. Revision of the genus Euclasta Lederer (Lepidopteraa, Pyraustinae). A taxonomic and zoogeographic study. Travaux du Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle Grigore Antipa. 1977;18:157-247.

Hacker HH. Systematic and Illustrated Catalogue of the Macroheterocera and Cossoidea, Zygaenoidea, Thyridoidea and Hyblaeoidea of the Arabian Peninsula, with a survey of their distribution (Lepidoptera). Esperiana. 2016;20:1-742.

Seizmair M. Scirpoboty xanthosomalis gen.nov., sp.nov.- a new genus and species of the Pyraustinae (Lepidoptera, Crambidae) from the Southern Arabian Peninsula. Trends in Entomolgy. 2021;17:13-20.

Seizmair M. The presence of the genus Pyrausta Schrank, 1802 on the Arabian Peninsula – faunistic and taxonomic notes with description of a new species. Journal of Zoological and Entomological Letters. 2022;2(1):36-41.

Brehm G. A new LED lamp for the collection of nocturnal Lepidoptera and a spectral comparison of light-trapping lamps. Nota Lepidopterologica. 2017;40(1):87-108.

Robinson G. The Preparation of Slides of Lepidoptera Genitalia with Special Reference to the Microlepidoptera. Entomologist’s Gazette. 1976;27:127-132.

Ratnasingham S, Hebert PDN. BOLD: The Barcode of Life Data System ( Molecular Ecology Notes, 2007: DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-8286.2006.01678.x

Maes KVN. A comparative morphological study of the adult Crambidae (Lepidoptera Pyraloidea). Proceedings and Annals of the Belgian Entomological Royal Society. 1994;131:383-434.

Maes KVN. New species and a new combination in the Pyraustinae. Lambillionea. 2005;CV(4):635-642.

Slamka F. Pyraloidea of Europe, Pyraustinae and Spilomelinae, Identification – Distribution – Habitat – Biology. Volume 3, Frantisek Slamka, Bratislava, 2013, 1-357.

Butler AG. On a collection of Lepidoptera made by Major J. W. Jerbury at or near Aden. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, including Zoology, Botany and Geology. 1884;13(5):478-503.




How to Cite

M. Seizmair, “Contribution to the study of the Pyraustinae Meyrick, 1890 (Lepidoptera, Crambidae) on the Arabian Peninsula: a new species of Psammotis Hübner, 1825 from Saudi-Arabia and new distributional data on four described species”, J. Appl. Entomol., vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 34–41, Mar. 2023.